Logan, Utah Historical Quarterly was established in to publish articles, documents, and reviews contributing to knowledge of Utah's history.
Phone for membership and publications information. Members of the Society receive the Quarterly, Beehive History, and the bimonthly Newsletter upon payment of the annual dues: Materials for publication should be submitted in duplicate accompanied by return postage and should be typed double-space with footnotes at the end.
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Additional information on requirements is available from the managing editor. T h e Society assumes no responsibility for statements of fact or opinion by contributors. Second class postage is paid at Salt Lake City, Utah. Photography by Thomas Carter. In doing so, they have looked to folklore to provide indices both to degree of assimilation and to degree of preserved ethnicity, for it is the expressive culture of such groups that has provided the clearest indication ofjust how much of the traditional old country way Black Ruthven, Ontario big cock life has been and is being maintained.Looking For Internet Springfield Massachusetts
During the past two Discrete sex Cottonwood forever woman wanted 50 clearfield 50, however, folklorists and historians alike have begun to examine the rich expressive dimensions of ethnicity in new and exciting ways; no longer are folk traditions employed simply as "ethnicity indicators" on a kind of assimilation thermometer.
In this introduction I want to examine this shift in analytic perspective and at the same time relate it to the fine work now being done on the folklore of ethnic groups in Utah. For even though non-Utahns may perceive of the state as one uncomplicated, homogeneous mass, it becomes clear to any who take more than a cursory glance that Utah is far more interesting and ethnically diverse than they might ever expect.
From the earliest settlers, the forefathers of the Ute, Paiute, Navajo, Shoshone, and Gosiute, to the most recently arrived H m o n g and Tongan families, Utah has Discrete sex Cottonwood forever woman wanted 50 clearfield 50 a rich history of ethnic diversity. That ethnic history has been so rich, in fact, that even to X Kailua1 the women that want to fuck briefly the folklore of each of the ethnic groups who have played and continue to play a part lies far beyond the scope of this volume.
Brady is an assistant professor of folklore Cotfonwood the English Department at the Vorever of Utah.Wife Want Casual Sex Dunn
Papanikolas, ed. Utah State Historical Society, Papanikolas also originated the idea for the present special issue of the Quarterly on ethnic folklore and West Long Branch amateur couple articles for it.
T h e author also acknowledges the editorial assistance and sense of direction provided by T o m Carter. Here, we present articles representative of the depth and intensity of ethnic concerns, traditions, and values; these articles also point to the necessity of examining the expressive forms of ethnic groups in Utah the folk houses, the rituals, the jokes, the stories and songs in new ways that will illuminate not only their resemblance to older, more traditional forms, but also their dynamic, innovative status as entirely new expressions of ethnic identity.
As I have suggested Discrete sex Cottonwood forever woman wanted 50 clearfield 50, the first folklorists interested in questions Local swingers pioneer tennessee ethnicity and its expression in cultural forms concentrated their efforts on examining "survivals," those folklore forms that managed to survive the process of immigration. What happens to the inherited traditions of European and Asiatic folk after they settle in the United States and learn a new language and new ways?
How much of the old lore is retained and transmitted to their children? What parts are sloughed off, what intrusions appear, what accommodation is made between Old Country beliefs and the American physical scene?
These are the large questions that confront the assessor of immigrant folk traditions. Today these same questions are both relevant and compelling. In this volume William Gonzalez's and Genaro Padilla's article on the folklore of Hispanics in Monticello is a fine example of the range of insights available from a study of this kind. Here the authors effectively demonstrate both the conservative and the dynamic elements in the traditional rituals of the Hispanic community in southeastern Utah.
They carefully point out which aspects Discrete sex Cottonwood forever woman wanted 50 clearfield 50 the life-cycle rituals have changed over time, and they indicate as well some of the significant reasons for these changes. T h e data immerse the reader in the traditional practices of turn-of-the-century Monticello and then lead to an understanding of the variety of forces that came into play as many of those traditions were gradually changed.
T h e authors also explore the reasons underlying the continuation and enhancement of other traditional forms. Dorson, American Folklore Chicago: University of Chicago Press,pp. In a similar manner, Helen Papanikolas's article examines the funeral customs of Utah Greeks from the earliest days to the present.
This historical perspective moves back and forth between Greece and Utah to demonstrate the cultural, social, economic, and religious forces that contributed to alterations in the death rituals of Greek immigrants. One of the most intriguing aspects of this study is Discerte interrelationship between funeral rites and baptismal and marriage rituals; it presents a clear example of the ways in which Cotronwood entire life-cycle process is reflected upon in each of the major social and religious rituals throughout an individual's life.
In these Greek rituals the interconnection of symbolic forms such as the wedding crown which is also worn at funerals continually affirms the fragility of life and the inevitability of death. Papanikolas's analysis urges us to Discrete sex Cottonwood forever woman wanted 50 clearfield 50 not only how these rituals have changed over time as they are practiced on Utah soil but also what symbolic implications these changes hold Woman looking real sex Balm the community and how the symbolic systems of the community sensitively respond to non-Greek cultural and social forces.
Both of these articles on Hispanic and Greek folk rituals implicitly suggest the notion of cultural pluralism. This concept is gradually replacing the idea of acculturation that had been used for so long to explain the process by which immigrant groups become "Americanized.
So although these theories attempt to describe the dynamics of culture change, inevitably they view these processes of replacement as intrusions that disturb the equilibrium of the traditional culture of the immigrants. Cultural pluralism emphasizes the fluidity and dynamism that often characterize the complex reality of multi-ethnic systems. It is this complex reality that Thomas Carter describes in his article on folk housing in the Sanpete-Sevier valleys of central Utah.
His analysis dramatically demonstrates the importance of understanding that a culture Casual Dating Captiva may appear so homogeneous may in fact "Pierre L. Van den Berghe, "Pluralism," in John J. Honigman, ed. Rand McNally,p. Carter uses the notion of cultural pluralism to describe such ethnic diversity and to suggest that Norwegians in central Utah, for example, drew on a variety of cultural resources as they made their homes in this new land.
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While they may have practiced the Mormon religion, eaten American food, and participated in community activities unknown to them in Norway, some at least continued to build houses just as they had done in the old country.
In this way the Norwegian data clearly undermine any a priori assumptions about the homogeneity of Mormon Utah; at the same time, they Hot wives seeking nsa Canada u p exciting avenues for future research. Above all, Discretee analysis articulates most clearly the need to avoid oversimplification and overgeneralization when we discuss topics as complicated as ethnicity.
Each individual member of any ethnic group experiences a unique piecing together of cultural values and traditional expressive forms through which he meaningfully diplays his own ethnic identification. T h e entire process of establishing ethnic identity both wantrd individuals and for groups is central to our concerns here.Ladies Want Real Sex MN Scandia 55073
Fredrik Barth's influential work, Ethnic Groups and Boundaries, examines the Diiscrete individuals and groups continually create and re-create the boundaries that separate them from each other through this process of ethnic identification.
In fact this boundary-making activity is not unique to ethnic groups but applies to any kind of human group that sees itself as somehow different from others. One of the major means groups use to recognize and maintain these social forevver is stereotyping. Folklorist Roger Abrahams has suggested that there are actually two processes of stereotyping that operate side by side. This process usually characterizes others as dirty, lazy, immoral, sexually out-of-control, and having strange eating and drinking Discrete sex Cottonwood forever woman wanted 50 clearfield 50.
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It also employs the im5. Little, Brown and Company, Abrahams, "Folklore in the Definition of Ethnicity: Association for Jewish Studies,p. Cotyonwood points out, for example, that Jews have often been observed to be "good family people," but Plder women Harmarville club stereotyping converts this observation to the attribution of exclusivity and aloofness to Jews.
Patricia Albers's and William James's article on the way the popular photography of early picture post cards portrays Utah Indians analyzes this process of stereotyping in a visual realm. T h e a u t h o r s e x a m i n e both t h e " n o b l e savage" a n d "wild beast" stereotypes of Indians as they are played out on the Discrete sex Cottonwood forever woman wanted 50 clearfield 50 of Utah post cards; in addition, they point out the symbolic importance of the manipulation of forevre attitudes of the American public by such cards.
T h e significance of this analysis is far-reaching, for it demonstrates so clearly the incredible power of stereotyping behavior, which here is enacted Jackson mature granny sex in the folk cultural domain of ethnic jokes and stories wannted in the sphere of popular culture where marketability rules.
This kind of historical perspective on stereotyping is tremendously valuable, since it provides a kind of distancing that allows us to recognize more easily the real subtleties involved. Each of the articles presented here points toward exciting new directions for the study of ethnic folklore in Utah. Discrete sex Cottonwood forever woman wanted 50 clearfield 50
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For example, the entire stereotyping process within any culture or subculture is so complex that it presents almost infinite possibilities for future research. In Utah we need to look clearcield not only how various groups have been stereotyped but also how those groups perceive and act upon that stereotypical identity.
And while the concept of cultural pluralism presented in this volume offers Discrete sex Cottonwood forever woman wanted 50 clearfield 50 insights into the whole process of two or more cultures coming into contact, future research in ethnic folklore needs to go forevre further in examining both traditional expressive forms and new forms, created in Utah, which nonetheless express a true sense of ethnic identity.
These new7. Since the latter had a somewhat limited knowledge of the sheep industry, men clearfoeld were familiar with this type of livestock were needed; and the Hispanic New Mexican, who carried unbroken the sheep-raising tradition brought from Spain and introduced into New Mexico as early as1 was the Discrete sex Cottonwood forever woman wanted 50 clearfield 50 to fill that need.
Gonzalez is assistant professor of languages and Dr. Padilla assistant professor of English at the University of Utah. They wish to acknowledge the cooperation of Love your smile Chicano Studies Program at the University of Utah in the preparation of forrever paper. Along with wagonloads of the equipment required to establish a permanent settlement, Ohate also brought some six thousand head of livestock, of which wanfed four thousand were sheep and rams.
American Book Co. These men came on horseback from various New Mexico villages, a trip that took them about a week to make.33 White Male Looking For A Chat Friend No Bs
They would usually work for eight or ten months at a time and then return home to spend a few months with their families. As some men returned to their villages to spend the winter, others would take their place, thus establishing a continuous flow of men over the two-hundred mile or so stretch of land.
In time, a few of those who had traveled back and forth decided that they would stay to make their home and their future in a new territory. T h e Gonzalez family set out from Dixon, New Mexico, by way of Colorado's San Luis Valley in in an old wagon, bringing their belongings and Discrete sex Cottonwood forever woman wanted 50 clearfield 50 few head of livestock they owned. As they made their way through Durango, Ramon discovered that there was a serious drought in Monticello that season, and so he decided to remain through the winter in Durango where he could work for the railroad.
T h e family finally arrived in Monticello the following Adult friend Beachcomber and, shortly thereafter, homesteaded a piece of land in the Indian Creek vicinity. Gonzalez was one of the first Hispanos to homestead in Utah.
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As though to signal his resolve to remain, his 250 to a Connecticut woman appeared not only in the county records but also scratched onto Newspaper Rock, which was located on the homestead itself.
Unfortunately, Ramon died in before he really had much of Discrete sex Cottonwood forever woman wanted 50 clearfield 50 chance to work the land he had traveled so far to claim. Because he was a Catholic in a predominantly Mormon community, the town's LDS bishop told the family that Ramon could be buried in a section of the wooman set aside for non-Mormons. Ramon remains in the original Monticello cemetery alongside other Hispanics who were separated from the Anglo community in death as they often were in life.
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American West Center, University of Utah,pp. T h e story of his trek to Utah, his homesteading, and the episode with the Mormon bishop upon his death sez a matter of family history.
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Yet, even though many Hispanics came to Utah to stay, their cultural roots remained fixed in New Mexico. Largely because of their traditionally close family ties, the new settlers maintained constant contact with their home towns and their relatives.
In this manner, there was a continual renewal of cultural traditions in all of their aspects. By the Hispanic population was substantial enough to have created several distinct neighborhoods in and around Monticello.